Submitted: 29 Mar 2017
Revised: 06 Aug 2017
Accepted: 06 Aug 2017
First published online: 25 Sep 2017
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2017;9(3):121-126.
doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2017.21
PMID: 29118943
PMCID: PMC5670332
  Abstract View: 59
  PDF Download: 151

Review Article

Novel therapies for perioperative respiratory complications

Jahan Porhomayon 1,2 * , Leili Pourafkari 3, Ali El-Solh 2, Nader D Nader 2

1 Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Buffalo, NY, USA
2 State University of New York at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY, USA
3 Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Postoperative respiratory complications are of paramount clinical importance as they prolong the hospitalization, increase the costs of treatment and contribute to the perioperative mortality. Obesity, preexisting pulmonary disease and advanced age are known risk factors for developing postoperative respiratory complications, which affect exceeding number of patients. Hereby, we present a review on the pathogenesis of post-operative respiratory complications particularly in obese and older patients. We further focus on the standard management and emerging therapies for the post-operative respiratory complications.
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