Submitted: 04 Feb 2017
Accepted: 16 Sep 2017
First published online: 15 Oct 2017
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2017;9(4):232-234.
doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2017.40
PMID: 29391938
PMCID: PMC5787337
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Case Report

Variation of the cephalic and basilic veins: A case report

Akram Sadeghi 1, Mohsen Setayesh mehr 2, Ebrahim Esfandiari 2, Shabnam Mohammadi 3, Hamid Baharmian 2 *

1 Department of Anatomy, School of Medcine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2 Department of Anatomy, School of Medcine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Neurogenic Inflamination Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran


Cephalic and basilic veins begin their path from around the wrist and continue towards the area above the forearm. The basilic vein becomes deep around the mid-arm, while the cephalic vein becomes deep around the upper forearm, in deltopectoral groove. The superficial veins are most commonly used for vein puncture, transfusion, bypass graft, and cardiac catheterization. In renal patients, the basilic vein use as an arteriovenous graft or fistula for haemodialysis access. During a routine dissection in the department of anatomy in Isfahan, we observed a variation in the left arm of an infant boy (six months old). The cephalic and basilic veins directly joined together in the middle of the cubital fossa. The brachial vein began from this point and, unlike the normal anatomy location, there was no paired brachial vein; rather, it was one unpaired brachial vein.
Keywords: Variation, Vein, Human
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