Submitted: 30 Jul 2014
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2014;6(3):175-179.
doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2014.007
PMID: 25320665
PMCID: PMC4195968
  Abstract View: 679
  PDF Download: 445

Original Article

Changes in Serum NT-Pro BNP and Left Atrial BNP Levels after Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Commissurotomy in Sinus Rhythm Versus Atrial Firilation

Leili Pourafkari 1, Seyedrazi Seyedhosseini 1, Babak Kazemi 1, Heydarali Esmaili 2, Naser Aslanabadi 1 *

1 Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Pathology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Natriuretic peptides are secreted from the heart in response to increased wall stress. Their levels are expected to be increased in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) due tohigh left atrium (LA) pressure and pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). Percutaneous transvenousmitral commissurotomy (PTMC) if successful is pursued by a rapid decrease in LA pressure andsubsequent decrease in pulmonary artery pressure. The concurrent changes in natriuretic peptidelevels could be affected with heart rhythm.Methods: Forty five patients with severe rheumatic MS undergoing PTMC were enrolled. Weevaluated the serum NT-Pro BNP levels before and 24 hours after PTMC. BNP levels were alsomeasured from the blood samples obtained from LA before and 20 minutes after the procedure.Changes in biomarkers were assessed based on heart rhythm and success of the procedure.Results: While serum NT-Pro BNP levels showed significant decrease 24 hours after theprocedure (P= 0.04), BNP levels taken 20 minutes after PTMC from LA were similar to theirbaseline concentrations (P= 0.26). NT-Pro BNP levels decreased 51.7±182.86 pg/ml for SR and123.4±520 pg/ml for AF (P= 0.68).Conclusion: Immediate changes in BNP levels did not predict the success of procedure probablydue to the additional balloon inflation attempts in LA in several patients and half-life of BNP. BNPlevels obtained later may be of more value considering the half-life of this marker. Heart rhythmwas not found to influence the changes in biomarker levels. BNP and NT-pro BNP changes werenot found to predict success of the procedure.
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