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Submitted: 26 May 2015
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2015;7(2): 78-80.
doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2015.18
PMID: 26191398
PMCID: PMC4492184
  Abstract View: 1107
  PDF Download: 550

Case Report

A Case of Fatal Acute Lung Injury After Balloon Valvuloplasty of Pulmonary Stenosis: Case Report and Review of Literature

Mohammad Ali Ostovan, Maliheh Kamali, Abdolali Zolghadrasli *

Abstract

A newly described immediate complication after percutaneous pulmonary valvuloplasty is acute lung injury. Here we report a case of fatal acute lung injury after pulmonary valvuloplasty.The patient was a 26-year-old woman, referred to a general hospital with the diagnosis of livercirrhosis. In her work-ups severe pulmonary stenosis was detected and so a decision was madeto relieve the valve stenosis. Despite the procedural success, the patient developed severe dyspneaand desaturation a few hours later and died within 3 days due to shock state. Although the definition, incidence or severity of acute lung injury after pulmonary balloon valvuloplasty is not yet clear, this is as far as we know the first mortality reported in literature. This presentation in our patient should prompt clinicians to consider a more aggressive approach at the first sight of this previously considered innocent complication.
Keywords: Pulmonary Valve Stenosis, Percutaneous Pulmonary Valvuloplasty, Acute Lung Injury
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