Submitted: 10 Oct 2017
Revision: 16 Jan 2018
Accepted: 18 Feb 2018
ePublished: 17 Mar 2018
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2018;10(1): 14-19.
doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2018.02
PMID: 29707172
PMCID: PMC5913687
  Abstract View: 2320
  PDF Download: 1303

Original Article

Knowledge, attitude and practice of Iranian hypertensive patients regarding hypertension

Yaseen Rashidi 1, Hesam Manaflouyan 1, Fatemeh Pournaghi Azar 2, Zeinab Nikniaz 3, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Leila Nikniaz 4, Samad Ghaffari 5*

1 Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Iranian Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Introduction: This study aimed at evaluating knowledge and awareness of hypertension and the risk factors for hypertension among hypertensive patients.
Methods: In this study, 110 hypertensive patients were enrolled and filled out two self-administered questionnaires. The first questionnaire was about the demographic characteristics and the second one was about the knowledge (n = 10), attitude (n = 9) and practice (n = 8). The internal consistency and the stability of the questionnaires were approved. The Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman correlation coefficient were used for statistical analysis.
Results: Seventy-three percent of participants know the normal range of hypertension. Most of the participants truly knew that stress (87.3%), obesity (70.9%) and aging (48.2%) are risk factors for hypertension. About 60% of participants knew the complications of uncontrolled hypertension. About 82.7% of participants believed that after adaptation of body to hypertension, there is no need to use antihypertensive drug. About 13.6% of participants measured their blood pressure daily and 11.8% of them measured it once a month. The educational level of participants was significantly associated with knowledge score (P = 0.01). There was a significant correlation between knowledge (P < 0.001) and attitude and also attitude and practice (P < 0.001) scores.
Conclusion: These findings have important implications for developing proper and continuous self-management hypertension education programs in Iran which should mostly emphasize on the practical information about control and prevention programs.
Keywords: Hypertension, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Iran
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