Submitted: 18 Mar 2011
ePublished: 25 Apr 2016
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2011;3(3): 83-85.
doi: 10.5681/jcvtr.2011.018
PMID: 24250960
PMCID: PMC3825336
  Abstract View: 948
  PDF Download: 542

Original Article

Cardiac Findings in Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome

Majid Malaki * , Shamsi Ghaffari, Samad Ghaffari, Bahaman Rastkar, Mohammad Goldust, Pouya Malaki, Behnam Sahar


Introduction: Congenital nephrotic syndrome is a severe debilitating problem associated with extra renal manifestation such as diverse cardiac findings. Methods: During four years, 6 cases diagnosed as congenital nephritic syndrome in base of definitive criteria their documents reviewed and echocardiographic evaluation has been done for all with or without cardiac sign or symptoms, results gathered and expressed as incidence. Results: All cases have some grades of structural or functional defects from simple form like as tricuspid regurgitation to complex defects. It may be run in consecutively in siblings of a family from non consanguine parents. Conclusion: Pulmonary stenosis may occur in all parts subvalvualr, valvular and peripheral parts of pulmonary artery, left ventricular hypertrophy and mitral regurgitation observed in some, moderate tricuspid regurgitation observed in half of cases due to pulmonary hypertension or right ventricular hypertrophy due to pulmonary stenosis.
Keywords: Nephrotic Syndrome, Heart, Pulmonary Stenosis
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Abstract View: 948

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PDF Download: 542

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