Submitted: 18 Mar 2011
First published online: 25 Apr 2016
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - FireFox Plugin)

J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2011;3(3):83-85.
doi: 10.5681/jcvtr.2011.018
PMID: 24250960
PMCID: PMC3825336
  Abstract View: 498
  PDF Download: 350

Original Article

Cardiac Findings in Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome


Introduction: Congenital nephrotic syndrome is a severe debilitating problem associated with extra renal manifestation such as diverse cardiac findings. Methods: During four years, 6 cases diagnosed as congenital nephritic syndrome in base of definitive criteria their documents reviewed and echocardiographic evaluation has been done for all with or without cardiac sign or symptoms, results gathered and expressed as incidence. Results: All cases have some grades of structural or functional defects from simple form like as tricuspid regurgitation to complex defects. It may be run in consecutively in siblings of a family from non consanguine parents. Conclusion: Pulmonary stenosis may occur in all parts subvalvualr, valvular and peripheral parts of pulmonary artery, left ventricular hypertrophy and mitral regurgitation observed in some, moderate tricuspid regurgitation observed in half of cases due to pulmonary hypertension or right ventricular hypertrophy due to pulmonary stenosis.
First name
Last name
Email address
Security code

Article Viewed: 498

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

PDF Downloaded: 350

Your browser does not support the canvas element.