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Submitted: 21 Dec 2013
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2013;5(4):167-171.
doi: 10.5681/jcvtr.2013.036
PMID: 24404349
PMCID: PMC3883541
  Abstract View: 403
  PDF Download: 340

Original Article

Effects of Emotional Stimuli on Cardiovascular Responses in Patients with Essential Hypertension Based on Brain/Behavioral Systems

Mohammadreza Taban Sadeghi 1, Hossein Namdar 1, Shahram Vahedi 2, Naser Aslanabadi 1, Davoud Ezzati 2 * , Babak Sadeghi 2

1 Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Effects of emotional stimuli on hemodynamics in patients with essential hypertension based on brain/behavioral systems have not been studied broadly.
Methods: Eighty five essential hypertensive male patients who had completed Carver-White BIS/BAS scale were enrolled to the study. Later, 25 BIS and 25 BAS patients were selected and their blood pressure and heart rate were recorded prior to stimuli induction. Participants were then exposed to stressor pictures. After that, 15 minutes of relaxation and cognitive tasks were performed. Finally, the participants were exposed to pleasant pictures. The blood pressure and heart rate were recorded after presenting of 2 stimuli.
Results: Our study showed that BIS patients achieved higher scores in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate in comparison with BAS patients after presenting stressful stimuli. Also, BAS patients achieved lower scores in systolic blood pressure and heart rate in comparison with BIS patients after presenting pleasant stimuli.
Conclusion: In summary, BIS patients experience negative emotions more than BAS patients. Therefore, the role of induced mood states is important in relation to physical health.
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