Submitted: 18 Jun 2018
Accepted: 01 Feb 2019
First published online: 28 Feb 2019
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2019;11(1):28-34.
doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2019.05
  Abstract View: 43
  PDF Download: 48

Original Article

Factors related to the non-adherence of medication and nonpharmacological recommendations in high blood pressure patients

Farzane Etebari 1, Mohammad Zakaria Pezeshki 1, Sanam Fakour 1 * ORCiD

1 Department of Community Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Medicine Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Many studies have been conducted on non-adherence with the antihypertensive treatment regime in various countries, considering the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) on the public health system, it is essential to carry out studies in this regard.

Methods: Patients with hypertension evaluated at the family medicine clinic of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were enrolled using simple sampling. Data gathering tool was a questionnaire consisting of three sections including the Hill-Bone compliance questionnaire, the disease characteristics, and patients’ socioeconomic.

Results: Of 254 patients with hypertension, gender, income satisfaction, the occupation and the level of education did not correlate with the acceptance of the treatment. However, the number of antihypertensive medications had a significant effect on adherence with dietary orders and appointment keeping (P<0.01 and P=0.01, respectively). The number of antihypertensive drugs could statistically significantly predict overall score obtained from the questionnaire, F (1, 251) = 22.29, P<0.018.

Conclusion: Factors related to the history of the disease and socioeconomic status had no effect patients adherence with treatment; however, the number of the prescribed antihypertensive drugs is in association with higher overall scores obtained through the Hill-Bone questionnaire.

Please cite this article as: Etebari F, Pezeshki MZ, Fakour S. Factors related to the non-adherence of medication and nonpharmacological recommendations in high blood pressure patients. J Cardiovasc Thorac Res 2019;11 (1):28-34. doi: 10.15171/ jcvtr.2019.05.
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