Submitted: 23 Jul 2018
Accepted: 01 Mar 2019
First published online: 13 Mar 2019
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2019;11(1):19-27.
doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2019.04
  Abstract View: 134
  PDF Download: 186

Original Article

Dietary patterns in relation to lipid profiles among Iranian adults

Fatemeh Zaribaf 1,2, Noushin Mohammadifard 3, Nizal Sarrafzadegan 4, Golgis Karimi 5 ORCiD, Abdolali Gholampour 6, Leila Azadbakht 7,2 *

1 Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Hypertension Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5 Department of Social & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
6 Isfahan Health Center (No.2), Isfahan Provincial Health Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
7 Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Lipid metabolism is one of the main concerns of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. Little is known about the association between dietary patterns and dyslipidemia. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine such association among Iranian adults.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1433 Iranian adults in Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP). Usual dietary intakes were assessed with the use of a 48 items food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Factor analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. Three major dietary patterns were identified: western, semi healthy and healthy fat patterns.

Results: After adjustment, subjects in the upper quartiles of western dietary pattern were more likely to have high total cholesterol concentrations than those in the first quartile (odds ratio [OR]: 2.07; 95% CI: 1.25-3.42). Individuals with greater adherence to western dietary pattern had greater odds of having high low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels compared with those in the lowest quartiles (2.53; 1.45-4.40).

Conclusion: Semi healthy dietary pattern was not associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Same trend was observed for healthy fat dietary pattern. Significant association was found between western dietary pattern and dyslipidemia among Iranian adults.

Please cite this article as: Zaribaf F, Mohammadifard N, Sarrafzadegan N, Karimi G, Gholampour A, Azadbakht L. Dietary patterns in relation to lipid profiles among Iranian adults. J Cardiovasc Thorac Res 2019;11(1):19-27. doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2019.04.
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