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Submitted: 07 Jul 2019
Accepted: 10 Jan 2020
ePublished: 12 Feb 2020
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2020;12(1): 1-9.
doi: 10.34172/jcvtr.2020.01
PMID: 32211131
PMCID: PMC7080340
  Abstract View: 202
  PDF Download: 193

Review Article

Comparing cardiac troponin levels using sevoflurane and isoflurane in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Hossein Hosseinifard 1 ORCID logo, Nashmil Ghadimi 2 * ORCID logo, Sara Kaveh 2 ORCID logo, Hossein Shabaninejad 3,4 ORCID logo, Alaadine Lijassi 5 ORCID logo, Rasoul Azarfarin 6 ORCID logo

1 Biostatistics, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Health Technology Assessment, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Newcastle, United Kingdom
5 Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohammed V University of Rabat, Rabat, Morocco
6 Echocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiac troponin is one of the heart biomarkers and its high levels correlates with a high risk of cardiomyocytes damage. This study aimed to compare sevoflurane and isoflurane effect on troponin levels in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
Methods: We systematically searched for RCTs which had been published in Cochrane library, PubMed, Web of science, CRD, Scopus, and Google Scholar by the end of February 30th, 2019. The quality of articles was evaluated with the Cochrane checklist. GRADE was used for quality of evidence for this meta-analysis. Meta-analysis was done based on random or fixed effect model.
Results: Five studies with total of 190 (sevoflurane) and 191 (isoflurane) patients were included. The results showed that pooled mean difference of troponin levels between the two groups was significant at ICU admission time and 24 hours after entering. The comparison of troponin level changes between the two groups (baseline = at time ICU) in 24 and 48 hours after ICU admission was significant.
Conclusion: This meta-analysis showed that blood troponin levels were significantly lower at the time of arrival in ICU with isoflurane and after 24 hours with sevoflurane. Generally, given the small mean difference between isoflurane and sevoflurane, it seems that none of the medications has a negative effect on the cardiac troponin level.
Keywords: Troponin, Sevoflurane, Isoflurane, Cardiac Surgery
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