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Submitted: 15 Oct 2020
Accepted: 25 Jan 2021
ePublished: 26 Apr 2021
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2021;13(2): 169-173.
doi: 10.34172/jcvtr.2021.23
  Abstract View: 38
  PDF Download: 43

Short Communication

Short term clinical and echocardiography outcomes of pericardiectomy in constrictive pericarditis

Madhur Kumar ORCID logo, Ajit Padhy* ORCID logo, Ridhika Munjal, Anubhav Gupta

1 Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery Safdarjung Hospital & Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, India

Abstract

Introduction: Tuberculous pericarditis continues to be a leading cause of chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) in developing countries. Echocardiography plays a key role in the assessment and diagnosis.
Methods: Twelve patients who underwent pericardiectomy for CCP in last 18 months of the study period were subjected to clinical and New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class assessment along with comprehensive echocardiographic evaluation. The data were compared with their preprocedural status.
Results: Significant reduction was noted in the incidence of inferior vena cava (IVC) congestion(P < 0.001) and mean left atrial (LA) size from 43.75 ± 4.43 mm to 31.58 ± 3.03 mm (P < 0.001), post pericardiectomy.Respiratory variation of 34.17 ± 8.76 % in the mitral E velocity was significantly reduced to 17 ± 3.69 % (P < 0.001) after surgery. Similarly, respiratory variation in tricuspid E velocities showed significant reduction from 62.17 ± 13.16 % to 32.58 ± 4.7 % (P < 0.001).Prior to pericardiectomy, medial e’ and lateral e’ mitral annular velocities was 15.5±1.24 cm/sec and13.08 ± 1.08 cm/sec, respectively. Following surgery, the medial e’ and lateral e’ was 12.5±1.17 cm/sec(P = 0.001) and 15.42±1.83 (P = 0.004), respectively.
Conclusion: Echocardiography provides useful insight in pericardial constriction hemodynamics and worthwhile effects of pericardiectomy.
Keywords: Echocardiography, Constrictive Pericarditis, Outcome, Pericardiectomy, NYHA
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