Submitted: 09 Mar 2021
Accepted: 08 Jul 2021
ePublished: 11 Aug 2021
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2021;13(3): 203-207.
doi: 10.34172/jcvtr.2021.36
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  PDF Download: 264
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Original Article

The incidence of myopericarditis in patients with COVID-19

Atoosa Mostafavi 1 ORCID logo, Seyed Abdol Hussein Tabatabaei 1* ORCID logo, Somayeh Zamani Fard 1, Fatemeh Majidi 1, Abbas Mohagheghi 1, Shahin Shirani 1

1 Department of Cardiology, Tehran University of Medical Science, Dr Ali Shariati Hospital, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Seyed Abdol Hussein Tabatabaei, Email: tabatabaeiseyedah@gmail.com


Introduction: SARS-COV-2 can affect different organ systems, including the cardiovascular system with wide spectrum of clinical presentations including the thrombotic complications, acute cardiovascular injury and myopericarditis. There is limited study regarding COVID-19 and myopericarditis. The aim of this study was to evaluate myopericarditis in patients with definite diagnosis of COVID-19.
Methods: In this observational study we analyzed the admitted patients with definite diagnosis of COVID-19 based on positive RT-PCR test. Laboratory data, and ECG changes on days 1-3-5 were analyzed for sign of pericarditis and also QT interval prolongation. Echocardiography was performed on days 2-4 and repeated as necessary, and one month after discharge for possible late presentation of symptom. Any patient with pleuritic chest pain, and pericardial effusion and some rise in cardiac troponin were considered as myopericarditis.
Results: A total of 404 patients (18-90 years old, median =63, 273 males and 131 females) with definite diagnosis of COVID-19 were enrolled in the study. Five patients developed in-hospital pleuritic chest pain with mild left ventricular dysfunction and mild pericardial effusion and diagnosed as myopericarditis, none of them proceed to cardiac tamponade. We found no case of late myopericarditis.
Conclusion: Myopericarditis, pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade are rare complication of COVID-19 with prevalence about 1.2 %, but should be considered as a possible cause of hemodynamic deterioration.

Keywords: Pericarditis, Pericardial Effusion, Myocarditis, Myopericarditis, COVID-19, SARS-COV-2

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