Submitted: 07 May 2023
Accepted: 26 Feb 2024
ePublished: 13 Mar 2024
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2024;16(1): 38-44.
doi: 10.34172/jcvtr.31855
PMID: 38584663
PMCID: PMC10997980
  Abstract View: 267
  PDF Download: 214

Original Article

Vietnamese version of the Hypertension Knowledge-Level Scale (HK-LS): Translation and validation

Thao Huong Nguyen 1 ORCID logo, Hanh Hong Nguyen 1, Anh Mai Huynh 2, Thanh Van Vo 2 ORCID logo, Han Diep Gia 2, Thang Nguyen 3* ORCID logo

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City 81000, Vietnam
2 Faculty of Pharmacy, Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Can Tho City 900000, Vietnam
3 Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Can Tho City 900000, Vietnam
*Corresponding Author: Thang Nguyen, Email: vovanthanhct2020@ gmail.com, Email:


Introduction: In Vietnam, the prevalence of hypertension is increasing rapidly. Patients need to be conscious of the disease for timely prevention and treatment. The Hypertension Knowledge Level Scale (HK-LS) is commonly used to assess knowledge about hypertension.

Methods: Data collection was took place in a hospital in Binh Thuan province, Vietnam in February 2020 with a total of 184 paticipants. Translation and adaptation of the HK-LS, validate the questionnaire through in-person interviews with outpatients diagnosed with hypertension. The translation process followed WHO guidelines. The appraisal process evaluates through reliability (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient) and validity (meaningful relationship between the response results of the scale and the patient’s characteristics).

Results: The Vietnamese version of the HK-LS was translated and proven to be reliable (Cronbach’s alpha=0.72) and valid (statistically significant difference between age groups (P=0.021) and educational background (P=0.007).

Conclusion: The HK-LS was translated from English into Vietnamese; the questions are clear, intelligible, and suitable for surveying patients in Vietnam.

First Name
Last Name
Email Address
Security code

Abstract View: 268

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

PDF Download: 214

Your browser does not support the canvas element.