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  Abstract View: 57

Review Article

Cardiovascular manifestations in COVID-19 patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Seyyedmohammadsadeq Mirmoeeni 1 ORCID logo, Amirhossein Azari Jafari ORCID logo, Seyedeh Zohreh Hashemi, Elham Angouraj Taghavi, Alireza Azani, Haniyeh Ghasrsaz, Azadeh Angouraj Taghavi, Seyed Hassan Niksima, Seyedyasin Rashidi, Erfan Kazemi, Hossein Sheibani*, Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani, Sahar Dalvand* ORCID logo

1 Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2 Medical Students Research Committee, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Since December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the global population, and one of the major causes of mortality in infected patients is cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we systematically searched Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases for all articles published by April 2, 2020. Observational studies (cohort and cross-sectional designs) were included in this meta-analysis if they reported at least one of the related cardiovascular symptoms or laboratory findings in COVID-19 patients. Furthermore, we did not use any language, age, diagnostic COVID-19 criteria, and hospitalization criteria restrictions. The following keywords alone or in combination with OR and AND operators were used for searching the literature: “Wuhan coronavirus”, “COVID-19”, “coronavirus disease 2019”, “SARS-CoV-2”, “2019 novel coronavirus” “cardiovascular disease”, “CVD”, “hypertension”, “systolic pressure”, “dyspnea”, “hemoptysis”, and “arrhythmia”. Study characteristics, exposure history, laboratory findings, clinical manifestations, and comorbidities were extracted from the retrieved articles.Sixteen studies were selected which involved 4754 patients, including 2103 female and 2639 male patients. Among clinical cardiac manifestations, chest pain and arrhythmia were found to have the highest incidence proportion. In addition, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and D-dimer levels were the most common cardiovascular laboratory findings. Finally, hypertension, chronic heart failure, and coronary heart disease were the most frequently reported comorbidities. The findings suggest that COVID-19 can cause various cardiovascular symptoms and laboratory findings. It is also worth noting that cardiovascular comorbidities like hypertension have a notable prevalence among COVID-19 patients.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease, CVDs, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Meta-Analysis
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