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Submitted: 06 Dec 2018
Revision: 08 Jul 2019
Accepted: 02 Aug 2019
ePublished: 29 Aug 2019
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2019;11(3): 230-236.
doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2019.38
PMID: 31579464
PMCID: PMC6759618
  Abstract View: 230
  PDF Download: 154

Original Article

Morphologic and functional features of left atrial appendage in Iranian population: an echocardiographic study

Roghayeh Pourkia 1 ORCID logo, Mahsa Panahi 1, Zahra Emkanjoo 2, Mozhgan Parsaee 2, Maryam Shojaeifard 2, Babak Sattartabar 4, Yousef Rezaei 3, Niloufar Samiei 3 * ORCID logo

1 Echocardiography Research center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Cardiac Electrophysiology Research Center, Electrophysiology Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Heart Valve Disease Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Cardioembolic events are accompanied by left atrial appendage (LAA) in patients suffering from atrial fibrillation (AF); therefore, the LAA closure is implemented as a preventive strategy. The detection of LAA morphologies and function is a paramount step before establishing the LAA closure. Herein, we sought to determine the morphologic features of the LAA in an Iranian population using echocardiographic evaluation.
Methods: Seventy-two near-normal heart patients were investigated by conducting a cross-sectional study. All patients were examined using the 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2D- and 3D-TEE) method. The anatomical features and functions of LAA were examined. All images were stored and analyzed offline.
Results: The patients’ mean age was 39 ± 15.5 year and 33 (45.8%) were female. The most frequent shape of LAA was wind sock. More LAA lobes was observed in patients with AF compared to those with NSR. In comparison with AF group, the NSR had higher LAA flow velocity (P < 0.01). The paroxysmal AF had greater LAA flow velocity and LAA ejection fraction in comparison with the chronic AF (39 ± 19 vs. 75 ± 22, P < 0.01; and 49±4 vs. 72±14, P < 0.003; respectively). The paroxysmal AF had smaller systolic LAA orifice area in comparison with the chronic AF (P < 0.02).
Conclusion: The morphologic features of LAA in Iranian population were within the range of other studies and LAA length and orifice diameters in 2D- and 3D-TEE were consistent. In addition, AF influenced the morphologies and functions of LAA compared to sinus rhythm.
Keywords: Left Atrial Appendage, Transthoracic Echocardiography, Transesophageal Echocardiography, 3-Dimensional Echocardiography, Atrial Fibrillation
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