Submitted: 13 Jul 2020
Accepted: 30 Mar 2021
ePublished: 24 Apr 2021
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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2021;13(2): 92-101.
doi: 10.34172/jcvtr.2021.29
  Abstract View: 61
  PDF Download: 60

Review Article

Comparison of the cardiovascular presentations, complications and outcomes following different coronaviruses’ infection: A systematic review

Mohammad Mostafa Ansari Ramandi 1 ORCID logo, Hossein Yarmohammadi 2, Somayeh Beikmohammadi 3, Behzad Hassan Hosseiny Fahimi 3, Farbod Hatami 1, Hossein Beydokhti 4, Hooman Bakhshandeh 5, Nasim Naderi 5* ORCID logo

1 Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2 Medical Students Research Committee, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Cardiology, Universitätsmedizin Schleswig-Holstein, Lubeck, Germany
4 Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
5 Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Manifestations caused by coronavirus family have presented it in many ways during the previous years. The aim of this systematic review was to gather all possible cardiovascular manifestations of the coronavirus family in the literature. Adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane and ProQuest which were updated on May 1, 2020 for the last time. Regarding to the novelty and speed of publications on COVID-19, we searched Google Scholar and also references of included studies and review articles in the systematic search results were searched manually. The searched keywords were the combination of the following MeSH terms: “COVID-19”, “SARS”, “MERS” and “cardiovascular presentation”. The systematic review was registered with ID CRD42020180736 in International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO). After screening, 28 original articles and ten case studies (five case reports and five case series) were included. Most of the studies were focused on COVID-19 (20 original articles and four case studies) while the only studies about Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) were a case report and a case series. Almost all the cardiovascular presentations and complications including acute cardiac injury, arrhythmias and the thrombotic complications were more prevalent in COVID-19 than severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and MERS. The cardiac injury was the most common cardiovascular presentation and complication in COVID-19 whereas thrombotic complications were commonly reported in SARS. The cardiac injury was the predictor of disease severity and mortality in both COVID-19 and SARS.Coronavirus 2019 may present with cardiovascular manifestations and complications in signs and symptoms, laboratory data and other paraclinical findings. Also, cardiovascular complications in the course of COVID-19 may result in worse outcomes.
Keywords: COVID-19, SARS, MERS, Cardiovascular, Manifestation
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